One need not go to culture and poetry to find language to judge it. As I have said on a former occasion: With the appearance of St.
Oxford University Press, Robert J. Writers are mostly engaged in non-fictional prose. How to Write a Summary of an Article?
The Introduction was written at last and the particular chapters argument on a different basis of information because they were written in different periods.
As, in the first view of it, we took for its worthy motto Montesquieu's words: In the Introduction he makes an ominous statement about society as a whole, that was later republished under the title Democracy.
Culture looks beyond machinery, culture hates hatred; culture has but one great passion, the passion for sweetness and light. The disparagers of culture make its motive curiosity; sometimes, indeed, they make its motive mere exclusiveness and vanity.
Moreover, in his official capacity Arnold toured numerous schools and universities on the Continent which had already undergone extensive educational reforms. Yes, it has one yet greater!
And religion, the greatest and most important of the efforts by which the human race has manifested its impulse to perfect itself, — religion, that voice of the deepest human experience, — does not only enjoin and sanction the aim which is the great aim of culture, the aim of setting ourselves to ascertain what perfection is and to make it prevail; but also, in determining generally in what matthew arnold sweetness and light essay help perfection consists, religion comes to a conclusion identical with that which culture, — seeking the determination of this question through all the voices of human experience which have been heard upon it, art, science, poetry, philosophy, history, as well as religion, in order to give a greater fulness and certainty to its solution, — likewise reaches.
Having said this, his method can as well be called empirical and inductive. He who works for sweetness works in the end for light also; he who works for light works in the end for sweetness also.
And when we rely as we do on our religious organisations, which in themselves do not and cannot give us this idea, and think we have done enough if we make them spread and prevail, then, I say, we fall into our common fault of overvaluing machinery.
Therefore, the tone was kept rational and Bacon underlined his educatedness or cited other authorities to be accepted as an advisor. The idea of perfection as a general expansion of the human family is at variance with our strong individualism, our hatred of all limits to the unrestrained swing of the individual's personality, our maxim of "every man for himself.
The structure of the whole text must be called linear, in the terminology of Drescher. Arnold, Matthew Essays on Criticism. Popularization in cultural criticism[ edit ] The Victorian poet and essayist Matthew Arnold, who was also an inspector of schools, popularized Swift's phrase as the theme and title of the first chapter of his celebrated book of cultural criticism, Culture and Anarchy.
Marx states that the ruling class of culture would be the intellectual and material force, he makes no mention of the religious aspects. He further wrote that: Mundane pleasantry[ edit ] During the 20th and 21st centuries, the phrase "sweetness and light" has more typically been used, not in Arnold's sense, but more mundanely, to indicate merely a friendly demeanor or a pleasant situation.
Arnold attributed this crisis to the conflict between the prevailing influence of scientific rationalism and the intransigence of conservative theology.
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If culture, then, is a study of perfection, and of harmonious perfection, general perfection, and perfection which consists in becoming something rather than in having something, in an inward condition of the mind and spirit, not in an outward set of circumstances, — it is clear that culture, instead of being the frivolous and useless thing which Mr.
Numbers in brackets indicate page numbers so readers can cite the print edition, if necessary. The modern Independents have a newspaper, the Nonconformist, written with great sincerity and ability. The idea of perfection as an inward condition of the mind and spirit is at variance with the mechanical and material civilisation in esteem with us, and nowhere, as I have said, so much in esteem as with us.
Roebuck perpetually asks; and that, he thinks, is quite sufficient, and when every man may say what he likes, our aspirations ought to be satisfied. I confess I felt disposed to ask the asker this question: Mace-Tessler adds, that the periodical essay is considered as one aspect in the development of journalism.
Arnold himself attended Rugby from toand it was while he was a student there that he composed the prize-winning poem Alaric at Rome, which was published in In the same way, the result of all the games and sports which occupy the passing generation of boys and young men may be the establishment of a better and sounder physical type for the future to work with.
Arnold also endorsed the eventual creation of a classless society in which every individual would subscribe to highly refined ideals based on the culture of ancient Greece.
Brightand Mr. Culture is always assigning to system-makers and systems a smaller share in the bent of human destiny than their friends like. This culture is more interesting and more far-reaching than that other, which is founded solely on the scientific passion for knowing.Matthew Arnold was an English poet, sage writer and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools.
He was the son of Thomas Arnold, the famed headmaster of Rugby School, and brother to Tom Arnold, literary professor, and William Delafield Arnold, novelist and colonial administrator/5(13).
Culture and Anarchy, () a long series of essays written by Arnold, was a political and social critique. Arnold's work as an inspector of. The following entry presents criticism of Arnold's essay, Culture and Anarchy: An Essay in Political and Social Criticism ().
See also Matthew Arnold. Sweetness and light is an English idiom that can be used in common speech, either as statement of personal happy consciousness, (though this may be viewed by natives as being a trifle in earnest) or as literal report on another person.
Depending upon sense-of. Sweetness and light is an English idiom that can be used in common speech, either as statement of personal happy consciousness, (though this may be viewed by natives as being a trifle in earnest) or as literal report on another person.
Depending upon sense-of-humour, some may use the phrase with mild irony. Matthew Arnold on Learning ‘The Best Which has Been Thought and Said’ Matthew Arnold (–88) was one of 19th-century England’s most prominent poets and social commentators. He was for many years an inspector of schools, later becoming professor of poetry at Oxford University.Download